Commercial photography is a broad term that can encompass many different sub-genres of photography. Retail photography is a specific type of commercial photography that involves photographing products for sale in a retail setting, such as a store or online. Retail photography generally focuses on creating images that are clean, well-lit, and show the product in its best possible light. It is often used to create advertising and marketing materials, such as product catalogs, flyers, and posters.
While retail photography is focused on a specific type of photography, commercial photography can encompass a wide variety of genres. Commercial photography can include anything from food photography to product photography to architectural photography. Basically, if a business is going to use the photographs for commercial purposes, it falls under the umbrella of commercial photography.
So, what is the difference between retail and commercial photography? Retail photography is a subset of commercial photography that specifically involves photographing products for sale in a retail setting. Commercial photography, on the other hand, is a much broader term that can include any type of photography that is used for commercial purposes.